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Sticking with aluminium

CCM's 450 Adventure frame is the first to be held together by glue

Compared to engines, suspension, brake systems and electronics, a bike frame seems relatively simple. It must be rigid enough to hold a swingarm and forks in place, resist the efforts of a rider, an engine, the ground and physics to twist, bend or deflect it, and be durable for the lifetime of the bike. Ideally it's also light, easy to process in production, cosmetically pleasing and cheap.

But as long as the first two requirements are met, different bikes have different priorities and thus there is no single perfect frame design, which is why we get anything from round, oval, square or rectangular tubes, pressed sections, extrusions, cast or forged sections, usually in combination and made from steel or aluminium alloy (although titanium, magnesium, carbon fibre and even fresh air have been used – the German Windhoff in 1927, 1976 Quantal Cosworth Norton and 1992 Britten V1000 were frameless, with the engine connecting headstock and swingarm. And, arguably, Ducati's Panigale, BMW's flat twins and hub-centre bikes like Bimota's Tesi and Yamaha GTS1000 are frameless). With hundreds of frame permutations over the years, it's rare to hear of a new one.

But a Lancashire's CCM is doing something different: the new GP450 Adventure, MCN's group test winner, has a frame held together by glue (although they prefer 'adhesive', and call the process Bond-lite).

Gluing metal-on-metal isn't new. The idea came from...

Forcing the issue

So we've got all the power we can use. What do we do now?

With traction-controlled streetbikes making more power than a ten-year old World Superbike, and with pressure to reduce emissions and fuel consumption, where do engines go from here?

One answer is more torque. For a given size of engine it could be just as powerful as a bigger engine but at lower rpm, thus cleaner and more efficient – more time to fill the cylinders, longer burn, better scavenging, lower mechanical losses. Be nice to use, too.

But since modern bike engine architecture was established in the mid-80s, the peak torque from a given capacity has remained static. A 1992 Suzuki GSX-R1100 N made...

Holding back the gears

The relationship between gear ratios, torque, thrust and 'retuning' is never an easy one

Honda's new CTX1300 is, at first glance, technically unremarkable. It is, essentially, a stripped-down, half-faired Pan European with sharper steering, a wider rear tyre, a stereo and, somehow, more weight. It has the same 1261cc transverse 90° V4, 'retuned' for more midrange.

But the spec shows this is more, or less, than a retune: a stock Pan makes 125bhp at 8000rpm and 92 lb.ft at 6000rpm. Honda say the CTX makes 83bhp at 6000rpm and 78 lb.ft at 4500rpm. That's a massive 40% less peak power and 16% less peak torque!

Doubtless the curves are reshaped, but it's still a big deficit. Why Honda has done this will be revealed...

Clearance approved

Why it’s important to have room at the top, especially if you’re a valve

MCN reader Ron Smithson emailed with two questions: “Re: Honda’s CB500 range having a 600-mile valve clearance check; imagine the furore if a new Honda Civic (30,000 miles) was the same? Why’s a bike engine different?”

The second question has a straightforward answer...

Going off at a tangent

Why steering geometry is never a straight ahead subject

Indian’s new Classic, Vintage and Chieftain share engines and frames, differing only in trim and styling. Yet while the Classic and Vintage have identical chassis spec, the Chieftain has different numbers: 61mm less wheelbase, 4° steeper rake angle and 5mm less trail. If you were to judge which Indian was sportiest on spec, you’d say the Chieftain. Which is odd, because...

No more crank calls please

Do Yamaha’s new MT-09 and MT-07 really use R1-style crossplane technology?

Lots of people get cross when Yamaha claim their new MT-09’s 850cc inline triple and MT-07’s 689cc parallel twin are crossplane engines. How can they be? They don’t have enough pistons.

The crossplane idea works like this: in a conventional inline four the pistons move in pairs, two up, two down. When the middle pair are at top dead centre, the piston either side is at bottom dead centre. They fire evenly, every 180°, 1-2-4-3. This layout has perfect primary balance because piston pairs move in opposition, but....

Seat of the pants stuff

The science of sitting comfortably is harder than it looks

For a manufacturer, technical challenges aren't all cutting-edge electronics and active suspension. And it's easy to dismiss cruisers like Triumph's new Thunderbird Commander and Horizon LT as low-tech and simple to design. But they have their own challenges like, for example, making a comfy seat. It sounds easy: make it comfy. But there's more to it than that....

In the overlap of the gods

Making one engine fit many roles is all about getting the timing right...

What’s the similarity between Ducati’s 2009 1198 superbike, the Multistrada, Diavel and new 1200 Monster? Yes, they share versions of the 1198cc Testastretta engine. The versatile V-twin has gone from sportsbike to adventure bike to power cruiser to naked in just five years.

You’d think their disparate riding dynamics couldn’t be achieved with the same engine. So how does the 1198 Testastretta fit such different roles?....

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